Learn from the Past

Attempts of permanent daylight saving time have already been made in various countries. In practice it was extremely unpopular and was always abolished under pressure from the population [Roen19].


Russia switched in 2011from seasonal daylight saving time to year-round daylight saving time. After three years, Russia then switched to permanent standard time. A study that accompanied this test phase [BTPK17], showed: The social jetlag is much higher under permanent daylight saving time than under the seasonal one. The smallest social jetlag was found under permanent standard time. The number of people without social jetlag doubled, the proportion of people with more than 2 hours of social jetlag decreased by 25%.


The USA lived during the war from 1942 until 1945 with permanent daylight saving time. It was abolished after the end of the war. In 1974 the USA tried again permanent daylight saving with the goal to save energy. However, the desired savings were not  observed. Before 1974, 79% advocated permanent daylight saving time. But by February, after the first winter, this support fell to 42%. The permanent daylight saving did not even survive 2 years: with 383 to 16 votes the congress ended the measure [Dayl20].

UK and Ireland

Also the UK and Ireland livesd during the war from 1940 to 1945 with permanent daylight saving time, which was abolished once the war was over.They introduced permanent daylight saving time once again in 1968. But already after  three years, it was abolished due to complaints about long, dark winter mornings.


Also Germany introduced permanent daylight saving time during the war in 1940, but abolished already in 1942 way before the war ended.

Forecast for Germany

If permanent summer time is introduced, there are two future perspectives.


One is that the permanent daylight saving time is abolished, as it was in Russia, the US and the UK. Considering the existing scientific facts, and the experiences of the past, trying permanent daylight saving time equals an unethical experiment on humans. On the population is tested what scientists have known already long time before.


And what happens after an abolition of daylight saving time is uncertain. Will Germany follow the  US and the US and introduce the seasonal time change again or it will follow Russia and finally adopt permanently the correct time zone (standard time)?


In the worst case, people will close their eyes to the suffering that has arisen - out of pride that they were wrong; out of ignorance of scientific facts; out of selfishness. Then permanent daylight saving time will last until people have forgotten what a healthy life feels like because they no longer have the comparison. Over the years, social times will adapt to the new circumstances: schools and working hours will be delayed, meals will be pushed to later times. This has already happened in Spain, France and the Benelux countries, which have been living in the wrong time zone since World War II. Spaniards in particular are known for their late daily routines.But why this is so, people no longer know, nor will they know how it was before 1945, because the generation that still knows is dying out over time. Much like in Germany almost nobody knows anymore how beautiful a summer in standard time is - bright and rested.


Forecast for Portugal

If the time change continues for Portugal, little will change. Portugal will waste a unique opportunity because, being in a geographically inadequate time zone, and putting the population during half the year in a time zone that only makes sense for those who live 2000 km to the east, has been responsible for keeping more than half of the population in constant tiredness. Portugal has not lived in a suitable time zone since ever, or better said, since the country joined the Washington Convention more than a century ago. No one currently living in Portugal has ever known what a time zone that allows a healthy life is, because there is no comparison. Ending this suffering is simple: listening to scientific facts. Considering the existing scientific facts, and the experiences of the past, experimenting with changed time zones and pointless DST is to induce unnecessary and cruel suffering. And a suffering country can never be a winning country.